Swiss machining, also known as Swiss-style turning, is a specialized form of precision machining used for manufacturing small, complex, and high-precision parts. It utilizes a unique type of lathe called a Swiss-type lathe, which offers several advantages over conventional machining methods. The technique was developed in Switzerland in the late 19th century to produce precise watch components.
It employs a sliding headstock and guide bushing to support the workpiece, allowing for high-precision and intricate machining. Swiss machining is renowned for its exceptional precision and tight tolerances, making it ideal for producing components used in medical devices, aerospace, and electronics.